Practical fire protection – a risk-based approach
The International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (OGP) recently published a guide to help organizations reduce major incident risks by focusing on asset integrity management.
One approach to managing this potent hazard in multi-compartment spaces is to model the fire progression using computer codes based upon three dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD).
Fire control: practical fire risk management for large buildings
Large assembly and retail buildings are ubiquitous in our world's cities and typically found in the form of shopping malls, sports stadia, concert venues, exhibition halls, passenger transport interchanges, stations and airports. Historically, such buildings have had a good fire safety record. However, recent disasters like those in Kolkata, Rio Grande Du Sol and Bucharest (where 42, 233 and 60 people lost their lives respectively) remind us that a major fire can cause multiple fatalities, as well as adversely affecting global reputation.
Texas City refinery explosion: findings from the Independent Safety Review Panel
On March 23, 2005, the BP Texas City refinery experienced one of the most serious U.S. workplace disasters of the past two decades, resulting in 15 deaths, more than 170 injuries, and significant economic losses. During the startup of an isomerisation unit, the associated raffinate splitter tower was overfilled and overheated. A substantial volume of hydrocarbon liquid and vapour were forced into an adjacent blowdown stack, rapidly exceeding its capacity. Ignition of the resulting vapour cloud caused an explosion that extended to nearby temporary trailers.
Making the most of fire and gas detector mapping
Fixed fire and gas detection systems in processing facilities typically ensure that risk mitigation systems such as isolation, blowdown and active fire protection are activated in the event of a hazardous event.